Cornwall news Foot-and-mouth crisis left permanent mark on region UK news
MetiNews.Com - The outbreak lasted for 221 days
Breaking News ! The worst foot-and-mouth crisis for a generation hit the Westcountry on this day 20 years ago. It lasted for 32 weeks (221 days) in 2001 and left an indelible mark on the countryside. The first British case was confirmed at 8pm on February 20, 2001, in pigs awaiting slaughter at Cheale Meats Abattoir near Brentwood in Essex. The first case confirmed in Devon was on February 24, 2001. The disease also devastated numerous farms across Cornwall. WARNING: distressing photographs in the article below More than six millions animals were slaughtered over the course of the outbreak. Some 4.2 million animals were culled for disease control purposes and 2.3 million animals were culled and paid upon for welfare reasons or under the light lambs scheme. The above figure of six million does not include many slaughtered newborn lambs and calves, that were not counted in the Department’s database because their value, for compensation purposes, was included in the valuation assigned to their mother. File photo dated 15/3/01 of a police sign warning against access (Image: PA) Some 2,026 premises in Britain were officially declared infected (1,722 in England, 187 in Scotland and 117 in Wales). The worst affected were Cumbria (with 893 infected premises), Dumfries and Galloway (176), Devon (173) and North Yorkshire (133). The number of new outbreaks a day peaked at 50 on March 30, 2001. In late March 2001, almost 300 cases were confirmed in a single week. You can stay up to date on the top news and events near you with our FREE newsletters – enter your email address at the top of the page. In mid-April 2001, at the height of the crisis, more than 10,000 vets, soldiers, field and support staff, assisted by thousands more working for contractors, were engaged in fighting the disease. Up to 100,000 animals were slaughtered and disposed of each day in what was a massive and complex logistical operation.
. Direct cost to the private sector estimated at over £5 billion. At the height of the outbreak, in March to April 2001, a quarter of all businesses reported some adverse impact from the crisis Tourism and supporting industries lost revenues of between £4.5 billion and £5.4 billion, with visitors to Britain and the countryside deterred by the initial blanket closure of footpaths by local authorities and media images of mass pyres. Businesses directly affected by tourist and leisure expenditure are estimated to have lost between £2.7 and £3.2 billion; and there was a further impact of between £1.8 and £2.2 billion on industries and services that are supported by tourism Between March and May 2001 there was a fall of around 15% in holiday visits to Britain by overseas residents. 30% of domestic visitors also changed their travel plans as a direct result of the outbreak.
Between the start of the outbreak in February 2001 and May 24, 2002, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (formerly the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) and the Rural Payments Agency (RPA) spent £1,341 million on compensation and payments to farmers The direct cost of measures to deal with the epidemic, including the purchase of goods and services to eradicate the disease, was estimated to amount to nearly £1.3 billion.
Dead sheep lie in field in Cheldon, in Devon, southwestern England Friday April 13, 2001. The sheep were allegedly culled several days ago, according to local farmers, after nearby livestock tested positive for the foot and mouth disease
After taking account of compensation and other payments to farmers, the estimated outbreak cost to agriculture and the food chain was over £600 million. This figure is made up of £355 million in respect of agricultural producers – the equivalent to a fifth of their annual income; £170 million in respect of the food industry – auction markets, abattoirs, processors and hauliers; and £85 million representing the indirect impact on the agricultural supply sector. The last case confirmed on September 30, 2001 on a farm near Appleby in Cumbria.
Source = MetiNews.Com - Cornwall